How to Make Seat Cushions for Wooden Chairs: A Simple Guide

Are you tired of sitting on hard wooden chairs with no cushioning? Adding seat cushions to your wooden chairs can provide comfort and style. However, purchasing pre-made cushions can be expensive, and finding the right size and style can be a challenge. The good news is that making your own cushions for wooden chairs is a simple and affordable DIY project.

Before you start, you will need to gather some materials, such as foam padding, fabric, and basic sewing supplies. There are different methods to make seat cushions, depending on your skill level and preference. One option is to sew a cover for the foam padding, while another is to staple the fabric directly onto the chair. In this article, we will provide step-by-step instructions on how to make seat cushions for wooden chairs using both methods.

Understanding the Need for Seat Cushions

If you own wooden chairs, you may have noticed that they can be uncomfortable to sit on for extended periods. Wooden chairs can also be aesthetically pleasing, but they may not match your decor or be comfortable for your guests. In this section, we will discuss the reasons why seat cushions can be a great addition to your wooden chairs.


Wooden chairs can be hard and uncomfortable to sit on for long periods. Adding seat cushions can provide a comfortable seating experience for you and your guests. Cushions can be made from a variety of materials, such as foam, cotton, or down, to provide the desired level of comfort.


Seat cushions can add a pop of color and texture to your wooden chairs. They can be made to match your decor or provide a contrasting element to your space. Cushions can be made with different patterns, textures, and materials to create a unique and personalized look for your chairs.

Preservation of Wooden Chairs

Seat cushions can help protect your wooden chairs from wear and tear. Without cushions, the constant friction between the chair and the person sitting on it can cause scratches and dents on the surface. Cushions can act as a barrier between the person and the chair, preventing damage to the wood.

In summary, seat cushions can provide comfort, enhance the aesthetics of your space, and protect your wooden chairs. In the next section, we will discuss how to make seat cushions for your wooden chairs.

Materials Needed

To make seat cushions for wooden chairs, you will need the following materials:

Cushion Foam

The foam is the most important part of the cushion. It provides the necessary support and comfort. You can buy foam at any craft store or online. You should choose foam that is at least 2 inches thick. You can also choose foam with a higher density for added comfort.


The fabric you choose should be durable and easy to clean. You can choose any fabric you like, but it is recommended to choose a fabric that is washable and stain-resistant. You will need enough fabric to cover the foam and wrap around the cushion. Measure the cushion to determine the amount of fabric you need.

Measuring Tape

A measuring tape is essential for measuring the cushion and fabric. You will need to measure the length, width, and thickness of the cushion to determine the size of the fabric you need. You will also need to measure the fabric to ensure it is the correct size.


You will need scissors to cut the foam and fabric. Make sure you have a sharp pair of scissors that can cut through the foam and fabric easily. A rotary cutter can also be used to cut the fabric.

Sewing Machine

A sewing machine is not essential, but it can make the process of making the cushion easier and faster. If you do not have a sewing machine, you can sew the cushion by hand. You will need a needle and thread if you choose to sew by hand.

Now that you have all the necessary materials, you can start making your cushion.

Measuring Your Wooden Chairs

Before you start making seat cushions for your wooden chairs, you need to measure them properly. Here are a few steps to help you with the process:

  1. Measure the seat dimensions: Start by measuring the length and width of the seat of your wooden chair. Use a measuring tape to get accurate measurements. Note down the dimensions on a piece of paper.

  2. Measure the thickness: Measure the thickness of the wooden chair seat. This will help you determine the thickness of the foam you need to purchase.

  3. Consider the shape of the seat: Wooden chairs come in different shapes, so it’s important to consider the shape of the seat when measuring. Some chairs have a square seat, while others have a round or oval shape. Make sure to measure the widest part of the seat to get the correct dimensions.

  4. Check for any curves or angles: Some wooden chairs have curved or angled seats, which can make it difficult to measure accurately. In such cases, use a flexible measuring tape or a piece of string to get the correct measurements.

  5. Measure the backrest: If your wooden chair has a backrest, measure its height and width as well. This will help you determine the amount of fabric you need to cover the cushion.

By following these steps, you can ensure that you get accurate measurements for your wooden chair seat cushions. Make sure to double-check your measurements before purchasing any materials to avoid any mistakes.

Selecting the Right Cushion Foam

Choosing the right foam for your seat cushions is important for both comfort and durability. Here are some factors to consider when selecting the right cushion foam for your wooden chairs:


Foam density is measured in pounds per cubic foot. The higher the density, the firmer the foam. For seat cushions, a density of 1.8 to 2.5 pounds per cubic foot is recommended. This range provides adequate support and comfort for most people.


Firmness is a measure of how much pressure is required to compress the foam. Firmness is measured in ILD (Indentation Load Deflection). The higher the ILD, the firmer the foam. For seat cushions, a firmness of 25 to 35 ILD is recommended. This range provides a good balance of support and comfort.


Softness is a measure of how much the foam will conform to your body. Softer foam will conform more than firmer foam. For seat cushions, a softness of 20% to 30% is recommended. This range provides a comfortable cushion without feeling too squishy.


Compression is a measure of how much the foam will compress over time. For seat cushions, a compression of 30% to 40% is recommended. This range provides a cushion that will hold its shape over time without feeling too stiff.

When selecting foam for your seat cushions, it’s important to consider all of these factors to ensure that you get the right balance of support and comfort. Keep in mind that foam can be cut to size and shape, so don’t be afraid to experiment with different combinations to find the perfect fit for your wooden chairs.

Choosing the Perfect Fabric

When it comes to making seat cushions for wooden chairs, choosing the right fabric is crucial. Not only does the fabric need to be durable and comfortable, but it should also complement the overall aesthetic of your space.

Here are some factors to consider when selecting the perfect fabric for your seat cushions:


Since seat cushions are often subjected to frequent use, it’s important to choose a fabric that can withstand wear and tear. Look for fabrics that are made of sturdy materials such as cotton, polyester, or a blend of the two.


Comfort is key when it comes to seat cushions. You want to choose a fabric that feels good against your skin and provides ample padding. Consider fabrics such as velvet, chenille, or microfiber, which are soft and plush.


The fabric you choose should complement the style of your space. If your room is decorated in a traditional style, consider fabrics such as damask or toile. For a more modern look, choose fabrics with bold patterns or bright colors.


Finally, consider how easy the fabric is to maintain. Look for fabrics that are machine washable or can be spot cleaned with ease. Avoid fabrics that are prone to staining or require special care.

By taking these factors into consideration, you can choose the perfect fabric for your seat cushions that is both stylish and functional.

Cutting the Foam and Fabric

Now that you have measured your chair and purchased the foam and fabric, it’s time to cut them to size. Follow these simple steps to get started:

  1. Place your foam on a flat surface and use a measuring tape to measure the length and width of the foam. Make sure to measure accurately to avoid any mistakes.

  2. Use a marker or pen to mark the measurements on the foam. You can also use a sharp knife or scissors to cut the foam to size. Make sure to cut the foam straight and evenly.

  3. Once you have cut the foam to size, place it on top of the fabric. Use a marker or pen to mark the shape of the foam on the fabric. Add an extra inch or two around the edges to allow for folding and sewing.

  4. Use a sharp pair of scissors to cut the fabric to size. Make sure to cut the fabric straight and evenly. You can also use a rotary cutter for a more precise cut.

  5. If you are using a patterned fabric, make sure to match the pattern on both pieces of fabric. This will ensure that your finished cushion looks neat and professional.

  6. Once you have cut both the foam and fabric to size, you are ready to start assembling your cushion.

Sewing the Cushion Covers

Now that you have your foam inserts cut to size, it’s time to sew the cushion covers. Here’s how to do it:

Step 1: Choose Your Fabric

Choose a fabric that is durable and easy to clean, as your chair cushions will likely see a lot of use. Outdoor fabrics or upholstery fabrics are good choices. Make sure to prewash and iron your fabric before cutting.

Step 2: Cut Your Fabric

Using your foam inserts as a guide, cut your fabric to size, leaving an extra 1 inch on all sides for seam allowances. If you want to add ties to your cushion covers, cut two strips of fabric for each tie, each strip measuring 2 inches by 8 inches.

Step 3: Sew the Ties (Optional)

Fold each tie strip in half lengthwise with right sides together and sew along the long edge, leaving the short ends open. Turn the ties right side out and press them flat.

Step 4: Sew the Cushion Cover

With right sides together, sew the front and back pieces of the cushion cover together along three sides, leaving one side open. If you are adding ties, fold them in half and place them between the front and back pieces of fabric at the corners, with the raw edges aligned. Sew the fourth side closed, leaving a small opening for turning right side out.

Step 5: Finish the Cushion Cover

Turn the cushion cover right side out and insert the foam cushion. Hand-stitch the opening closed using a blind stitch or ladder stitch.

Congratulations, you’ve made your own seat cushions for wooden chairs!

Assembling the Seat Cushions

Now that you have your fabric and foam cut to size, it’s time to assemble your seat cushions. Follow these simple steps to create comfortable and stylish cushions for your wooden chairs:

  1. Lay your fabric out flat, with the right side facing down. Place your foam on top of the fabric, centered and aligned with the edges of the fabric.

  2. Starting at one end, fold the fabric up and over the foam, making sure it is taut and smooth. Secure the fabric to the foam with a few staples along the edge.

  3. Continue folding the fabric up and over the foam, securing it with staples as you go. Work your way around all four sides of the foam, making sure the fabric is evenly tensioned and there are no wrinkles or folds.

  4. Once you have stapled all four sides of the fabric to the foam, trim any excess fabric from the corners to reduce bulk.

  5. To add ties to your cushions, cut four strips of fabric to your desired length and width. Fold the strips in half lengthwise, with the right sides facing each other, and sew along the long edge and one short edge.

  6. Turn the ties right side out and press them flat. Fold the raw edges of the open end inwards and sew them closed.

  7. Position the ties on the back of your cushion, about 2 inches from each corner. Fold the ties in half, with the raw edges facing the cushion, and staple them to the fabric.

  8. Finally, flip your cushion over and admire your handiwork! Repeat these steps for each cushion you need to make.

By following these simple steps, you can easily create custom seat cushions for your wooden chairs that are both comfortable and stylish. With a little bit of time and effort, you can transform your dining room or kitchen into a cozy and inviting space that your family and guests will love.

Attaching the Cushions to the Chairs

Now that you have made your own seat cushions for your wooden chairs, it’s time to attach them. Here are some tips on how to do it properly:

1. Clean the Chairs

Before attaching the cushions, make sure that the chairs are clean. Remove any dust or debris from the surface of the chair and wipe it down with a damp cloth. This will ensure that the cushions will stick properly to the chair.

2. Use Hot-Melt Glue

Hot-melt glue is the best option when it comes to attaching seat cushions to wooden chairs. Apply the glue to the back of the chair in consecutive beads, two inches apart vertically. Then run a bead of glue around the perimeter of the chair, one inch from the edge. Press the cushion into the chair frame, making sure that it fits snugly into the lip of the frame.

3. Use a Staple Gun

If you don’t have hot-melt glue, you can use a staple gun to attach the cushions to the chairs. Cut the material about 3-4 inches larger than the shape of the seat. Then, use the staple gun to attach the material underneath the seat, making sure that it is tight and secure.

4. Add Ties

To keep the cushions from sliding off the chairs, you can add ties to the corners of the cushions. Cut four pieces of ribbon or fabric, each about 12 inches long. Fold each piece in half and sew it to the corners of the cushion. Then, tie the ribbons around the back of the chair to keep the cushion in place.

Attaching seat cushions to wooden chairs is a simple process that can be done in just a few steps. By following these tips, you can ensure that your cushions are secure and comfortable, and that they will last for years to come.

Maintenance Tips for Seat Cushions

Once you’ve made your seat cushions for your wooden chairs, you’ll want to keep them looking and feeling great for as long as possible. Here are some maintenance tips to help you do just that:

1. Clean Regularly

Cleaning your seat cushions regularly is essential to maintaining their appearance and prolonging their lifespan. Vacuuming your cushions weekly can help remove any dirt or debris that has accumulated on them. If you spill anything on your cushions, clean it up as soon as possible to prevent it from setting in.

2. Rotate Cushions

Rotating your seat cushions every few months can help prevent uneven wear and tear. This is especially important if you tend to sit in the same spot on the chair every time.

3. Use Non-Slip Materials

If your seat cushions tend to slip or slide around on your wooden chairs, consider using non-slip materials to keep them in place. You can find non-slip pads or grips that can be placed under the cushions to prevent them from moving around.

4. Store Properly

If you need to store your seat cushions for any reason, make sure to store them in a cool, dry place. Avoid storing them in direct sunlight or in damp areas, as this can cause mold or mildew to form.

5. Repair When Needed

If you notice any tears or rips in your seat cushions, make sure to repair them as soon as possible. This will prevent the damage from getting worse and potentially ruining the entire cushion.

By following these maintenance tips, you can help ensure that your seat cushions stay in great condition for years to come.

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