How to Build a Wooden Queen Size Bed Frame: A Step-by-Step Guide

If you’re in need of a new bed frame, why not try building one yourself? Not only is it a fun and rewarding project, but it can also save you money compared to buying a pre-made bed frame. In this article, we’ll guide you through the process of building your own wooden queen size bed frame.

Before you begin, it’s important to have a plan in place. You can find pre-made plans online or create your own based on your preferences. Once you have your plan, you’ll need to gather all the necessary materials and tools. This may include wood, screws, a saw, drill, and sandpaper.

Building a wooden bed frame may seem daunting, but with a little patience and effort, it can be done. By the end of this article, you’ll have the knowledge and confidence to create a beautiful and sturdy bed frame that will last for years to come. So, let’s get started!

Understanding the Basics

If you’re interested in building a wooden queen size bed frame, it’s important to understand the basics before you start. In this section, we’ll cover the types of wood you can use and the importance of size.

Types of Wood

The type of wood you choose for your bed frame will impact its durability, appearance, and cost. Here are some common types of wood used for bed frames:

  • Pine: Pine is a softwood that is affordable and easy to work with. It has a light color and visible knots, which can give your bed frame a rustic look.
  • Oak: Oak is a hardwood that is durable and has a distinctive grain pattern. It’s more expensive than pine, but it’s also more resistant to wear and tear.
  • Maple: Maple is a hardwood that is known for its strength and durability. It has a smooth, even grain pattern and a light color that can be stained or painted.
  • Cherry: Cherry is a hardwood that has a rich, warm color and a smooth grain pattern. It’s more expensive than pine or oak, but it’s also more luxurious.

Importance of Size

Before you start building your bed frame, it’s important to know the size of your mattress. Queen size mattresses are typically 60 inches wide by 80 inches long. However, the exact dimensions can vary depending on the manufacturer.

When building your bed frame, you’ll need to account for the size of your mattress as well as any additional space you want around the edges. This will ensure that your mattress fits snugly and that you have enough room to move around in your bed.

By understanding the basics of building a wooden queen size bed frame, you’ll be better prepared to tackle the project with confidence. Once you’ve chosen your wood and determined the size of your mattress, you’ll be ready to start building your frame.

Materials Needed

Making a wooden queen size bed frame requires some specific materials. Here is a list of the essential items you’ll need to gather before starting your project:


The most important material you’ll need for your bed frame is wood. You’ll need to select the right type of wood, such as pine, oak, or maple, based on your budget and preferences. You can purchase pre-cut pieces of wood or cut them yourself with a saw.

Screws and Nails

You’ll need screws and nails to secure the pieces of wood together. Make sure you choose the right size and type of screws and nails based on the thickness of your wood pieces.


You’ll need sandpaper to smooth out the rough edges and surfaces of your wood pieces. Sandpaper with a grit of 120 or 150 is ideal for this purpose.

Wood Glue

You’ll need wood glue to bond the pieces of wood together. Make sure you choose a high-quality wood glue that dries clear and strong.


You’ll need several tools to make your bed frame, such as a saw, drill, hammer, screwdriver, and measuring tape. Make sure you have all the necessary tools before starting your project.

Optional Materials

You can also use additional materials to enhance the look and functionality of your bed frame, such as stain, paint, or varnish. You can also add decorative elements, such as carved designs or metal accents, to make your bed frame unique.

Tools Required

If you’re planning to make a wooden queen size bed frame, you will need a few essential tools. Here are some of the tools required to complete the project:

Measuring and Marking Tools

Before you start building the bed frame, you need to make sure you have accurate measurements. Here are some measuring and marking tools you’ll need:

  • Tape measure: A tape measure is essential for measuring the length and width of the bed frame.

  • Carpenter’s square: A carpenter’s square helps ensure that your cuts are straight and accurate.

  • Pencil: You’ll need a pencil to mark the measurements on the wood.

Cutting Tools

Once you have your measurements, you’ll need to cut the wood to the right size. Here are some cutting tools you’ll need:

  • Circular saw: A circular saw is a powerful tool that can make quick and accurate cuts in the wood.

  • Jigsaw: A jigsaw is a versatile tool that can make curved cuts in the wood.

  • Miter saw: A miter saw is a specialized saw that can make precise angled cuts.

Fastening Tools

To hold the bed frame together, you’ll need some fastening tools. Here are some fastening tools you’ll need:

  • Drill: A drill is essential for making holes in the wood for screws or bolts.

  • Screwdriver: A screwdriver is used to tighten screws.

  • Hammer: A hammer is used to drive nails or brads into the wood.

  • Clamps: Clamps are used to hold the wood in place while you’re drilling or screwing.

Sanding and Finishing Tools

Once you’ve assembled the bed frame, you’ll need to sand and finish it. Here are some sanding and finishing tools you’ll need:

  • Sandpaper: Sandpaper is used to smooth out the rough edges of the wood.

  • Wood stain: Wood stain is used to give the bed frame a finished look.

  • Paintbrush: A paintbrush is used to apply the wood stain.

With these tools, you’ll be well-equipped to make a beautiful wooden queen size bed frame.

Choosing the Right Wood

When it comes to building a wooden queen size bed frame, choosing the right wood is crucial. You want a type of wood that is strong, durable, and able to withstand the weight of a mattress and the people sleeping on it. Here are some factors to consider when selecting the wood for your bed frame:

Hardwood vs Softwood

The first decision you need to make is whether to use hardwood or softwood for your bed frame. Hardwood is denser and more durable, making it a better choice for furniture that needs to withstand heavy use. Softwood, on the other hand, is less dense and more affordable, making it a good option if you’re on a budget.

Popular Types of Wood

Here are some of the most popular types of wood used for bed frames:

  • Maple: A hardwood that is strong and durable, with a fine, even grain.
  • Oak: Another hardwood that is strong and durable, with a distinctive grain pattern.
  • Cherry: A hardwood that is known for its reddish-brown color and smooth, even grain.
  • Pine: A softwood that is affordable and easy to work with, but may dent or scratch more easily than hardwoods.
  • Ash: A hardwood that is similar in strength and durability to oak, with a lighter color and more pronounced grain.

Other Factors to Consider

In addition to the type of wood, there are other factors to consider when selecting the right wood for your bed frame. These include:

  • Moisture content: Wood that is too wet or too dry can warp or crack over time. Look for wood that has been properly dried and stored.
  • Grain pattern: The grain pattern of the wood can affect its strength and appearance. Look for wood with a straight, even grain for maximum strength.
  • Color and finish: Consider the color and finish of the wood, as well as how it will match with your other bedroom furniture.

By considering these factors and doing your research, you can choose the right type of wood for your queen size bed frame and ensure that it will be strong, durable, and beautiful for years to come.

Designing the Bed Frame

When designing a wooden queen size bed frame, there are a few key factors to consider. These include the materials you will use, the overall style and aesthetic of the bed, and the level of complexity you are comfortable with when it comes to building the frame.


The materials you choose for your bed frame will impact its overall look and feel, as well as its durability and longevity. Some popular options for a wooden queen size bed frame include:

  • Pine: A cost-effective option that is easy to work with and has a soft, warm look.
  • Oak: A durable and long-lasting wood that has a more traditional, classic look.
  • Maple: A hard, dense wood that is ideal for intricate designs and has a sleek, modern look.
  • Cherry: A beautiful, rich wood that has a warm, reddish-brown color and a classic look.

When choosing your materials, consider the look you are going for and the level of durability you need. Keep in mind that some woods may require more maintenance than others to keep them looking their best.

Style and Aesthetic

The style and aesthetic of your bed frame will largely depend on your personal preferences and the overall look of your bedroom. Some popular styles for a wooden queen size bed frame include:

  • Rustic: This style often features a distressed or weathered look, with natural wood finishes and simple, clean lines.
  • Modern: A modern bed frame may have a sleek, minimalist design with clean lines and a glossy finish.
  • Traditional: A more classic look, a traditional bed frame may feature ornate details and a warm, rich finish.

Consider the overall look and feel of your bedroom when choosing the style of your bed frame. You want it to complement the space and create a cohesive look.


Finally, consider the level of complexity you are comfortable with when it comes to building your bed frame. Some designs may require more advanced woodworking skills and tools, while others may be simpler and easier to assemble.

If you are a beginner, it may be best to start with a simpler design and work your way up to more complex projects. However, if you are an experienced woodworker, you may be up for a more challenging project that will showcase your skills and create a truly unique piece of furniture.

Cutting the Wood

Before you start cutting the wood, make sure you have all the necessary materials and tools. You will need a saw, measuring tape, pencil, safety glasses, and the wood pieces required for the bed frame.

Measure and mark the wood pieces according to the dimensions of your bed frame. Use a measuring tape to ensure accuracy and a pencil to mark the wood before cutting.

When cutting the wood, it’s important to use the right saw for the job. A circular saw or a miter saw are both good options for cutting wood for a bed frame. Make sure the saw blade is sharp and in good condition before starting.

Cut the wood pieces carefully and precisely, following the marked lines. Take your time and be patient to avoid mistakes or accidents.

Once you have cut all the pieces, use sandpaper to smooth out any rough edges or surfaces. This will help prevent splinters and make the bed frame more comfortable to use.

Remember to wear safety glasses while cutting and sanding the wood to protect your eyes from sawdust and wood particles.

By following these steps, you can cut the wood for your queen size bed frame accurately and safely.

Assembling the Frame

Joining the Pieces

Now that you have all the pieces cut and sanded, it’s time to start assembling the frame. Begin by laying out the headboard, footboard, and side rails in the correct position. Double-check that the pieces are oriented correctly and that the headboard and footboard are facing the right direction.

Next, join the pieces together using wood glue and screws. Start by attaching the side rails to the headboard and footboard. Use clamps to hold the pieces in place while the glue dries. Once the side rails are attached, add the center support beam. Make sure the support is level and centered before securing it with screws.

Securing the Frame

After the glue has dried, reinforce the joints by adding additional screws. Use at least two screws at each joint, making sure they are evenly spaced and countersunk. This will help prevent the frame from wobbling or squeaking.

Finally, attach the slats to the frame. Lay them out evenly spaced and attach them to the cleats with screws. Make sure they are level and secure before adding the mattress.

Congratulations, you have now assembled your own wooden queen size bed frame!

Adding the Slats

Now that you have built the frame of your queen size bed, it’s time to add the slats. Slats are the wooden pieces that support the mattress and keep it from sagging. Here are the steps to add the slats to your bed frame:

  1. Measure the width of your bed frame and subtract approximately 1/2 inch. This width will be the measurement you should cut your slats to.

  2. Mark the square edge of the slats so that it cuts at 90 degrees across the wood. Then, use a bench saw or circular saw to make a clean and neat cut where you marked.

  3. Cutting additional slats is recommended to ensure that the mattress is well-supported. The recommended spacing between slats is 2-3 inches apart.

  4. Once you have cut all of your slats, lay them out evenly distributed across the inner frame of the bed.

  5. Attach each slat to the inner frame with screws. Use at least two screws per slat, one near each end. Make sure the slats are flush with the top of the frame.

  6. Finally, check that all slats are securely fastened to the frame and test the bed for any movement or squeaks.

Congratulations! You have successfully added the slats to your queen size bed frame. Now, all that’s left to do is add your mattress and bedding, and enjoy a good night’s sleep!

Finishing Touches

Once you have assembled your wooden queen size bed frame, it’s time to add the finishing touches to make it look polished and complete. Here are a few steps you can take to finish off your bed frame.

Sanding the Frame

Before you apply any paint or stain, it’s important to sand the bed frame to ensure a smooth finish. Use a fine-grit sandpaper to sand the entire frame, paying extra attention to any rough or uneven spots. You can use an electric sander or sand by hand, depending on your preference.

Once you have sanded the frame, wipe it down with a clean, damp cloth to remove any dust or debris. Let the frame dry completely before moving on to the next step.

Painting or Staining

Now that your bed frame is sanded and clean, it’s time to add some color or finish. You can either paint the frame or stain it, depending on the look you’re going for.

If you choose to paint the frame, use a paintbrush or roller to apply a coat of paint. You may need to apply multiple coats, depending on the color and type of paint you’re using. Be sure to let each coat dry completely before applying the next.

If you prefer a stained look, use a brush to apply the stain to the frame. You may need to apply multiple coats, depending on the desired color and the type of wood you’re using. Be sure to wipe off any excess stain with a clean cloth and let each coat dry completely before applying the next.

Once you have painted or stained the bed frame, let it dry completely before adding any bedding or accessories. Congratulations, you have now completed your own wooden queen size bed frame!

Safety Tips

When working with wood and power tools, safety should always be your top priority. Here are a few safety tips to keep in mind when building your own wooden queen size bed frame:

  • Wear protective gear: Always wear protective gear such as safety glasses, gloves, and a dust mask when working with wood and power tools. This will help prevent injuries and reduce the risk of inhaling sawdust.

  • Follow instructions carefully: Whether you are using a power tool or following a set of plans, make sure to read and follow all instructions carefully. This will help ensure that you are using the tool or building the bed frame correctly and safely.

  • Use the right tools: Make sure to use the right tools for the job. Using the wrong tool can be dangerous and can also damage your materials. If you are unsure about which tool to use, consult with a professional or do some research beforehand.

  • Keep your workspace clean: A clean workspace is a safe workspace. Make sure to keep your workspace clean and organized to reduce the risk of accidents.

  • Take breaks: Building a wooden bed frame can be a time-consuming project. Make sure to take breaks and stretch regularly to avoid fatigue and reduce the risk of injury.

By following these safety tips, you can help ensure that your woodworking project is both safe and successful.

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